Annotated Bibliography of North American Laphriini North of Mexico
(a few references on Palaearctic Laphriini are included, as well as a few essential general asilid references)

[BHL = Biodiversity Heritage Library, HTL = HathiTrust Digital Library, CHA = Core Historical Literature of Agriculture, PDF = Offsite PDF]

Adisoemarto, S. 1967. The Asilidae (Diptera) of Alberta. Quaest. Entomol. 3:3-90. [PDF]

Aldrich, J. M. 1905. A catalogue of North American Diptera. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 46:1-680.

Alexander, C. P. 1940. The Presidential Range of New Hampshire as a biological environment, with particular reference to the insects. Am. Midl. Natur. 24:104-132 (p. 121, Laphria altitudinum listed as element of Hudsonian Zone). [PDF]

Andrews, A. W. 1918. Diptera collected on Whitefish Point, Chippewa County, Michigan. Univ. Michigan Mus. Zool. Occ. Pap. No. 53 (p. 5, Dasyllis posticata Say, Laphria gilva Linn.). [PDF]

Back, E. A. 1904. New species of North American Asilidae. Canadian Entomol. 36:289-293 (p. 289, Dasyllis cinerea, sp. nov.; p. 290, Dasyllis Fernaldi, sp. nov.). [BHL]

Baker, N. T. and R. L. Fischer. 1975. A taxonomic and ecologic study of the Asilidae of Michigan. Great Lakes Entomol. 8(2):31-91. [PDF]

Banks, N. 1911. Four new species of Asilidae. Can. Entomol. 43:128-130 (p. 130, Laphria dispar, n. sp; Laphria sericea, Laphria aeatus.). [BHL]

Banks, N. 1913. Notes on Diptera. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 15:52 (Laphria disparella n. n). [BHL]

Banks, N. 1917. Synopsis of the genus Dasyllis (Asilidae). Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 12:52-55. [BHL]

Barnes, J. K., Lavers, N., and H. Raney. 2007. Robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) of Arkansas, U.S.A.: Notes and a checklist. Entomol. News 118(3):241-258 (p. 246, Laphria affinis Macquart, Laphria divisor (Banks), Laphria vorax (Bromley); p. 253, Lampria bicolor (Weidemann), Lampria rubriventris (Macquart), Laphria affinis Macquart, Laphria aktis McAtee; p. 254, Laphria apila Bromley, Laphria cinerea (Back), Laphria divisor (Banks), Laphria flavicollis Say, Laphria grossa Fabricius, Laphria index McAtee, Laphria ithypyga McAtee, Laphria lata Macquart, Laphria macquarti (Banks), Laphria saffrana Fabricius, Laphria sericea Say, Laphria sicula McAtee, Laphria thoracica Fabricius, Laphria vorax (Bromley)). [BHL]

Bedell, P. 2010. A preliminary list of the robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) of Virginia. Banisteria, 36:3-19.

Bell, E. L. 1921. Collecting notes. Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 16: 96-97. (p. 97, Dasyllis thoracia with the beetle, Typocerus velutinus Oliv. as prey). [BHL]

Bertram, G. C. L. 1935. The low temperature limit of activity of arctic insects. , J. Animal Ecology 4(1):35-42 (A European species, Laphria flava is among a large group of insects studied in Greenland and Finland. The studied insects also include several other species of European robber flies.)

Beutenmüller, W. 1904. The types of Diptera in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 20:87-89 (p. 88, Laphria astur O. S.). [PDF]

Bigot, J. M. F. 1878. Dipteres nouveaux ou peu connus. Tribu des Asilidi. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr., ser. 5, 8:31-48, 213-240, 401-446.

Blanton, F. S. 1939. Collecting notes on the family Asilidae (Diptera). Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 34:229-235.

Brimley, C. S. 1922. List of the robberflies (Asilidae, Diptera) of North Carolina. Entomol. News 33:294-298 (p. 296, Dasyllis affinis Macq., Dasyllis champlaini Walton, Dasyllis cinerea Back, Dasyllis divisor Banks, Dasyllis flavicollis Say, Dasyllis grossa Fabr., Dasyllis posticata Say, Dasyllis sacrator Walker, Dasyllis thoracica Fabr., Dasyllis virginica Bks., Lampria bicolor Wied., Lampria rubriventris Macq., Laphria aktis McAtee, Laphria index McAtee, Laphria saffrana Fabr.; p. 297, Laphria sericea Say, Laphria sicula McAtee) . [BHL]

Brimley, C. S. 1938. The Insects of North Carolina, Being a List of the Insects of North Carolina and Their Close Relatives. N. C. Dep. Agric., Div. Entomol., 560 pp. (p. 338, B.[ombomima] affinis Mcq., B. champlainii Walton, B. cinerea Back, B. divisor Bks., B. flavicollis Say, B. grossa Fab., B. posticata Say, B. sacrator Wlk., B. thoracica Fab., B. virginica Bks.; L.[ampria] bicolor Wied., L. rubriventris Mcq., L. sp. (near rubriventris but abdomen black); L.[aphria] aktis McAtee, L. saffrana Fab., L. scorpio McAtee, L. sericea Say, L. sicula McAtee). [HTL]

Britton, W. E. 1920. Check list of the insects of Connecticut. Conn. Geol. Nat. Hist. Sur. Bull. 31 (p. 178, L.[ampria] bicolor Wiedemann; D.[asyllis] champlainii Walton, D. flavicollis Say, D. grossa Fabricius, D. posticata Say, D. thoracica Fabricius; L.[aphria] canis Williston, L. gilva Linnaeus). [BHL]

Bromley, S. W. 1914. Asilids and their prey. Psyche 21:192-198 (p. 193, Dasyllis thoracica as prey of spider, Theridium tepidarorium; p. 197, Daysllis thoracica with the bee Halictus lerouxii and the beetles Macrodactylus subspinosus and Glyptoscelis pubescens as prey; two instances of Dasyllis posticata with the beetle Aphodius fimetarius as prey; and Dasyllis flavicollis with the beetle Telephorus carolinensis as prey). [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1924. New robber flies (Asilidae, Diptera). Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 5:125-127. (pp. 126-127, description of Laphria altitudinum; Text-fig 1-2, L. sericea, 3-4, L. altitudinum) . [BHL]

Bromley, S. W. 1928. Some North American Asilidae, their models and their prey recorded. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 2:54.

Bromley, S. W. 1929. Notes on the asilid genera Bombomima and Laphria with descriptions of three new species and two new varieties (Diptera). Can. Entomol. 61:157-161.

Bromley, S. W. 1930. Bee-killing robber flies. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 38:159-176.

Bromley, S. W. 1931a. New Asilidae, with a revised key to the genus Stenopogon Loew: (Diptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 24(2):427-435 (p. 434-435, Bombomima engelhardti, new species). [CHA]

Bromley, S. W. 1931b. A preliminary annotated list of the robber flies of Ohio (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio State Univ. Mus. Sci. Bull. 1(2):1-19, Pls. 1-4.

Bromley, S. W. 1933. Additions to the Ohio list of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio J. Sci. 33:204 (Bombomima champlainii).

Bromley, S. W. 1934a. The robber flies of Texas (Diptera, Asilidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 27(1):74-113 (p. 75, Bombomima flaviollis, B. macquartii; p. 77, Lampria rubriventris; p. 84, Laphria saffrana, Bombomima flavicollis, B. macquartii, B. lata, B. nigella, Lampria rubriventris, L. bicolor; p. 93, Bombomima nigella n. sp.; p. 103, Laphria melanogaster Wiedemann, Laphria saffrana Fabricius, Bombomima flavicollis Say, Bombomima lata Macquart, Bombomima macquartii Banks, Bombomima nigella n. sp., Lampria bicolor Wiedemann, Lampria rubriventris Macquart; Plate I, Fig. 2, Bombomima (Dasyllis) macquartii (Banks); Plate I, Fig. 10, Bombomima (Dasyllis) flavicollis (Say); Plate II, Fig. 2, Lampria bicolor Wiedemann). [CHA]

Bromley, S. W. 1934b. Additions to the Ohio list of robber flies. II. (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio J. Sci. 34:163-164.

Bromley, S. W. 1934c. The Laphriinae robber flies of North America (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio State Univ. Press No. 14:125-134.

Bromley, S. W. 1934d. The Laphriine robber flies of North America. Ph.D. Dissertation. The Ohio State University.

Bromley, S. W. 1936. Asilids feeding on bumblebees in New England. Psyche 43:14 (Bombomima (Dasyllis) grossa (Fabr.), B. thoracica (Fabr.)). [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1942. Bee-Killing asilids in New England. Psyche 49:81-83 (p. 82, Bombomima thoracica Fabr., Bombomima grossa Fabr., Bombomima flavicollis Say). [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1945. Robber fly and Japanese beetle. Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 40:44-47.

Bromley, S. W. 1946. Guide to the insects of Connecticut. VI. The Diptera, or true flies of Connecticut. Third Facicle. Asilidae. Conn. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 69:1-48.

Bromley, S. W. 1947. Ohio robber flies. IV. (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio J. Sci. 47:67-68 (p. 67, Laphria ithypyga McAtee, Bombomima posticata Say; p. 68, Bombomima thoracica Fabr.). [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1948. Honey-bee predators. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 56:195-199 (p. 196-197, Bombomima thoracica, Bombomima grossa, Bombomima flavicollis).

Bromley, S. W. 1950a. Florida Asilidae (Diptera) with description of one new species. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 43(2):227-239, 1 pl. (p. 233, Lampria bicolor Wiedemann, Lampria rubriventris Macquart; p. 234, Laphria saffrana Fabricius, Bombomima cinerea Back, Bombomima flavicollis Say, Bombomima floridensis Bromley, Bombomima grossa Fabricius, Bombomima lata Macquart, Bombomima pulchella Bromley, Bombomima thoracica Fabricius, Bombomima virginica Banks; Plate I, Fig. 12, Laphria saffrana; Plate I, Fig. 13, Bombomima floridensis). [CHA]

Bromley, S. W. 1950b. Ohio robber flies. V. (Diptera: Asilidae). Ohio J. Sci. 50:229-234 (p. 231, Bombomima thoracica Fabricius; p. 232, Bombomima thoracica as an excellent mimic of the bumblebees Bombus impatiens or B. vagans, Bombomima grossa as a possible mimic of the guest bumblebee Psythirus laboriosus Fabr., Bombomima flavicollis as a good mimic of the sand bee Andrena carlini Ckll., Bombomima divisor as a poor mimic of the bald-baced hornet Vespa maculata, Bombomima virginica as a good mimic of the worker of the bumblebee Bombus impatiens; p. 234, Bombomima thoracica) . [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1950c. Records and descriptions of Asilidae in the collection of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology (Diptera). Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., No. 527: 1-5 (p. 2, Dasyllis insignis, Bombomima royalensis, new species; p. 3, B. insignis (Banks), B. royalensis, B. posticata var. scutellaris Bromley; p. 4, Bombomima affinis). [PDF]

Bromley, S. W. 1951. Asilid notes (Diptera), with description of thirty-two new species. Am. Mus. Novit. 1932:1-36 (p. 21, Bombomima; p. 22, Bombomima apila, new species, [B.] champlainii Walton, [B.] grossa Fabricius, Bombomima asturina, new species, [B.] fernaldi Back; p. 23, [Dasyllis] astur Walker, [Dasyllis] californicus Banks, Bombomima fattigi, new species, [B.] champlainii Walton, [B.] vorax Bromley). [PDF]

Brown, C. J. D. 1929. A morphological and systematical study of Utah Asilidae (Diptera). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 54:295-320, 3 pls (p. 288, Dasyllis and Laphria; p. 299, Dasyllis fernaldi; p. 306, Dasyllis fernaldi Back). [CHA]

Byers, G. W., F. Blank, W. J. Hanson, D. F. Beneway, and R. W. Fredrichson. 1962. Catalogue of the types in the Snow Entomological Museum. III (Diptera). Univ. Kans. Sci. Bull. 43:131-181.

Candan, S, Suludere, Z. Hasbenli, A, Cagiran, N., Lavigne, R. and A. Scarbrough. 2004. Ultrastructure of the chorion of Dioctria flavipennis Meigen, 1820 (Diptera: Asilidae: Stenopogoninae) compared with those of fourteen asilid species from the Mid-Atlantic Region of North America. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 106(4):811-825 (p. 811, Laphria divisor (Banks), L. flavicollis Say, L. ithypgi McAtee, L. sicula McAtee, L. virginica (Banks); p. 813, Laphria ithypgi, Laphria flavicollis; p. 815, Laphria sicula, Laphria flavicollis, Laphria divisor [Fig. 9]; p. 816 (Table 2), Laphria divisor (Banks), Laphria flavicollis (Say), Laphria ithypgi McAtee, Laphria virginica (Banks); p. 818, Laphria ithypgi [Figs. 11-12], Laphria divisor [Fig. 15], Laphria flavicollis, Laphria sicula, Laphria virginica; p. 819, Laphria flavicollis [Fig. 19], Laphria sicula [Fig. 20]; p. 820, Laphria ithypgi; p. 821, Laphria ithypgi [Fig. 22], Laphria virginica [Fig. 23]; p. 823, Laphria virginica [Fig. 29], Laphria flavicollis [Fig. 33]). Throughout the paper Laphria ithypyga is consistently mispelled as L. ithypgi). [BHL]

Cannings, R. A. 1983. Laphria ventralis Williston -- new to Canada. Boreus 3(1): 4.

Cannings, R. A. 1994. Robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) new to Canada, British Columbia, Yukon and the Northwest Territories: with notes on distribution and habitat. J. Entomol. Soc. British Columbia 91: 19-26.

Cannings, R. A. 1997. Robber flies of the Yukon, pp. 637-662 IN H.V. Danks and J.A. Downes (Eds.), Insects of the Yukon. Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods),Ottawa. 1034 pp.

Cannings, R. A. 2010. Robber flies (Insecta: Diptera: Asilidae) of the montane cordillera ecozone. 22-page web PDF, no page numbers (21 spp. total in genus listed; for Laphria s. str.--L. astur, L. asturina, L. columbica, L. fernaldi, L. partitor, L. sackeni, L. insignis, and L. posticata; for Laphria (Choerades)--L. aimatis, L. felis, L. ferox, L. milvina, L. vivax, L. sadales, and L. gilva; for other groups--L. asackeni, L. vultur, and L. janus in one, and L. franciscana, L. index, and L. scorpio in the other; Fig. 4, color photo of female L. felis.)

Cannings, R. A. 2012. A checklist of the robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) of British Columbia. Web Page.

Chamberlin, W.J. 1939. The bark and timber beetles of North America north of Mexico. Oregon State College Cooperative Association, Corvallis. 513 pp. (Fig. 34, Laphria vivax).

Champlain, A. B., and J. N Knull. 1923. Notes on Pennsylvania Diptera. Entomol. News 34:211-215 (p. 212, Dasyllis grossa with cicada, Tibicen sayi S. & G. as prey).

Clements, A. N. 1951. The use of the prosternum in classifying Asilidae (Diptera). Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond., ser. B, 20:10-14.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1927. Zoology of Colorado. University of Colorado Press, Boulder. 262 pp. (p. 184, Dasyllis fernaldi). [BHL]

Cole, F. R. 1969. The flies of western North America. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley.

Cole, F. R., and A. L. Lovett. 1921. An annotated list of the Diptera (flies) of Oregon. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 11:197-344 (p. 258, Laphria felis crocea McAtee, Laphria ferox Will., Laphria gilva (Linn.), Laphria sadales Walk., Laphria vivax Will., Laphria vultur O. S.; p. 259, Laphria xanthippe Will., Dasyllis astur Loew, Dasyllis californica Banks, Dasyllis columbica Walk., Dasyllis fernaldi Back, Dasyllis sackeni Banks). [PDF]

Coquillett, D. W. 1910a. New genera and species of the North American Diptera. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 12:124-131 (p. 124, description of Dasyllis semitecta) .

Coquillett, D. W. 1910b. The type-species of the North American genera of Diptera. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 37:499-647.

Criddle, N. 1921. The entomological record, 1920. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 51:72-90 (p. 84, Dasyllis californica Banks, Dasyllis fernaldi Banks, Dasyllis partitor Banks, Dasyllis insignis Banks, Laphria janus McA., Laphria felis O. S., Laphria ferox Willst., Laphria gilva Linn.).

Criddle, N., C. H. Curran, H. L. Viereck, and Buckell 1924. The entomological record, 1923. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 54:87-102.

Curran, C.H. 1928. Diptera, pp. 99-101 IN Criddle, N., The entomological record, 1927. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. 58:99-103.

Curran, C. H. 1930. Report on the Diptera collected at the station for the study of insects, Harriman Interstate Park, New York. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 61:21-115 (p. 41, 5 spp. listed--Bombomima grossa, B. thoracica, B. sacrator, B. flavicollis, and Laphria canis).

Davis, W. T. 1910. Miscellaneous notes on collecting in Georgia. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 18:82-85 (p. 84, Laphria saffrana). [BHL]

Dennis, D. S., and J. K. Barnes. 2013. Pupal cases of four Nearctic species of Laphria (Diptera: Asilidae). Zootaxa 3681(4):478-492 (L. canis, L. ferox, L. macquarti, and L. posticata; key provided to pupal cases of 11 species (including listed four) of Laphria s. lat. Generic key also provided to distinguish pupal caes of Laphria s. lat. from those of Andrenosoma and Lampria [note: Lampria is in the Laphriini, Andrenosoma is not].).

Dennis, D. S., Barnes, J. K., and L. Knutson. 2008. Pupal cases of Nearctic robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae). Zootaxa 1868:1-98 (p. 20, key distinguishing between Laphria s. lat. and Lampria Macquart; p. 21, Figs. 1-3 (p. 14), description of pupal case of Lampria bicolor (Wiedemann); Figs. 6-7 (p. 16), p. 22-33, Figs. 9-15, key to and description of pupal cases of Laphria aimatis McAtee, Laphria flavicollis Say, Laphria index McAtee, Laphria sackeni (Banks), Laphria sericea Say, Laphria thoracica Fabricius, and Laphria virginica (Banks).).

Dennis, D. S., and R. J. Lavigne. 1976. Descriptions and notes on the pupae and pupal cases of ten species of Wyoming robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 78:277-303 (Nothing specifically on Laphriini; included for background on pupal morphology). [BHL]

Enderlein, G. 1914. Dipterologische Studien. XI. Zur Kenntnis tropischer Asiliden. Zool. Anz. 44:241-263, 8 figs.

Engel, E. O. 1925-1930. Asilidae, vol. 4(24),pp. 1-491 IN E. Lindner, Die Fliegen der palaerktischen Region. Stuttgart.

Evans, H.E. 1970. Ecological-behavioral studies of the wasps of Jackson Hole, Wyoming. Bull. Mus. Comparative Zool. 140(7): 451-511. (p. 487, Laphria vivax). [BHL]

Fabricius, J. C. 1775. Systema entomologiae . . . Flensburgi et Lipsiae.

Fabricius, J. C. 1805. Systema Antliatorum. Brunsvigae.

Fattig, P.W. 1945. The Asilidae or robber flies of Georgia. Emory Univ. Mus. Bull. No. 3.

Felt, E. P. 1910. Insect types in New York State Museum, pp. 119-122 IN 25th Report of the State Entomologist 1909. Education Dept. Bull. 475 (New York State Mus. Bull. 141), pp. 5-178 (p. 120, Dasyllis cinerea Back (cotype)).

Fisher, E.M. 1986. A reclassification of the robber fly tribe Andrenosomini, with a revision of the genus Dasyllis Loew (Diptera: Asilidae). Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Riverside. 361 pp.

Fletcher, J. 1905. Entomological record, 1904. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 35:56-78.

Fletcher, J. 1908. Entomological record, 1907. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 38:113-133 (p. 133, Laphria pubescens).

Foxlee, H. R. 1941. A list of nineteen species of Asilidae collected at Robson, B.C. (Diptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Brit. Columbia 38:14.

Foxlee, H.R. 1942. Asilidae from Robson, B. C. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Brit. Columbia 39: 35 (Bombomima columbica, Laphria ferox).

Franklin, H. J. 1912. The Bombidae of the New World. Trans. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 39:177-486 (pp. 238, Dasyllis thoracica Fabricius, D. affinis Macquart, D. tergissa (var.), and D. flavicollis Say all resemble Bombus impatiens and Psithyrus laboriosus, and all are found within the ranges of these two bee species; Dasyllis sacrator Walker resembles Bombus vagans and B. perplexus and is found within the ranges of these two bee species in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada; Dasyllis astur O. S. resembles Bombus californiens and B. vosnesenskii and it ranges with those species in the Pacific Coast States; last, Dasyllis posticata Say resembles Bombus fervidus females and both are distributed widely; pp. 237-239; discusses Batesian and aggressive mimicry of bumble bees by robber flies and syrphids.).

Free, J. B. and G. C. Butler. 1959. Bumble Bees. Collins, St. James Place, London. (The New Naturalist series; pp. 81-82, Dasyllis grossa).

Gabritschevsky, E. 1926. Convergence of coloration between American pilose flies and bumblebees (Bombus). Biol. Bull.. 51(4):269 - 886.(Divides American Laphria [Dasyllis at the time] and Bombus into three pattern groups, the first consisting of species in the eastern United States, the second also of eastern species, and the third of species in the Rockies (referred to as the Colorado area); p. 273, the first group, consisting of the robber flies Dasyllis lata, Dasyllis marquarti [sic], Das. sacraton [sic], and Das. champlaini, sharing a characteristic yellow-and-black abdominal pattern with six species of Bombus--namely, B. vagans, B. affinis, B. impatiens, B. separatus, B. bimaculatus, and B. perplexus; the second group, consisting of the robber flies Dasyllis dithoracica [sic] and Das. grossa, sharing a slightly different yellow-and-black abdominal pattern with three species of Bombus--namely B. pennsylvanicus, B. auricomus, and B. terricola; and last, on p. 275-276, 279, the third pattern group, consisting only of Dasyllis fernaldi, sharing red on the dorsum of the abdomen with twelve species of Bombus namely, B. sylvicola, B. huntii, B. melanopygus, B. eduardii, B. ternarius, B. centralis, B. borealis, B. gelidus, B. flavifrons, B. rufocinctus, B. kirbuellus, and B. appositus. Additionally on p. 277, Dasyllis lata var. a, D. champlaini, D. macquarti, and D. grossa are noted for having matching bands of color to several bumblebee species which mostly are not sympatric. The thoracic and abdominal color patterns of D. unicolor, D. insignis, D. posticata, D. divisor, D. cinerea, D. sp. ?, D. flavicolla [sic], D. virginica, D. grossa, D. lata var. a, D. champlaini, D. lata var. b, D. marquarti [sic], D. sacraton [sic], D. dithoracica var. a [sic], D. dithoracica var. b [sic], D. grossa var. a, and D. fernaldi are diagrammed in Plate II (p. 282, caption; p. 283, graphic). Dasyllis is consistently misspelled as "Dasylus" throughout the caption.)

Ghahari, H., Lavigne, R. J.,, and F. Geller-Grimm. 2007. Bibliography of Asilidae (Insecta: Diptera) 1996-2006. Far Eastern Entomologist 176:1-39.

Gibson, A. 1911. The entomological record for 1910. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 41:116.

Gibson, A. 1912. The entomological record, 1911. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 42:89-112.

Gibson, A. 1916. The entomological record, 1915. Entomol. Soc. Ont. Ann. Rept. No. 46:194-230.

Goslin, R. M. 1950. Some robber flies from Campbell County, Tennessee. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 25:303-306.

Greene, C. T. 1918. A contribution to the biology of North American Diptera. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 19:146-161, pls. 17-20 (Dasyllis thoracica Fabr., p. 146, 149-152, 157-158 [Pl. XVIII, Figs.s 1-5]). [BHL]

Greene, G. M. 1910. Feldman collecting social. Entomol. News 21:430-431 (p. 430, Dasyllus [sic] champlaini Walton). [BHL]

Greene, G. M. 1911. Feldman collecting social. Entomol. News 22(10):477-478 (Laphria sericea Say) . [BHL]

Grover, I. 1935. A note on Dasyllis. J. Entomol. Zool., Pomona College 27: 50 (Dasyllis astur).

Hancock, J. L. 1911. Nature Sketches in Temperate America. xviii + 451 pp., Chapter IV. Mimicry, with Examples (frontispiece of entire book; also p. 127-129, 131 [in subchapter titled The Bumblebee's Mimic], Dasyllis sacrata [sic]. The model is stated to be Bombus consimilis, and the observations were made at Lakeside, Berrien County, Michigan. Several types of prey are also listed.) [BHL ]

Hardy, G. A. and W. H. A. Preece. 1927. Additional notes on some Cerambycidae of Vancouver Island. Pan-Pacific Entomol. 4: 61-67 (Record a larva of Bombomimus [sic] astur Osten-Sacken preying on a larva of the cerambycid Ulochaetes leoninus LeConte.).

Harrington, W. H. 1900. Fauna Ottawaensis. Diptera. Ottawa Naturalist 14(7):127-134 (p. 130, Laphria pubescens, Will., Laphria sericea, Say, Laphria gilva, Linn., Laphria canis, Will., Dasyllis flavicollis, Say, Dasyllis posticata, Say, Dasyllis sacrator, Walk., Dasyllis grossa, Fabr.). [BHL]

Harris, T. W. 1862. A treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation. Third Edition. Boston. 640 pp., 278 figs., 8 pls. (p. 604, Laphria thoracica, Laphria flavibarbis, and Laphria tergissa as "bearing a striking resemblence to our largest humble-bees." Also footnote to effect that L. flavibarbis is nothing but variety of L. tergissa, citing specimens of latter viewed with one, two, and three abdominal segments covered with yellow hair.).

Hermann, F. 1914. Mydaide et Asilidae (Dasypogoninae, Laphriinae et Leptogastrinae), pp. 33-44, 83-95, 102-112, 129-136 IN Sauter, F. H., Formosa-Ausbeute. Entomol. Mitt. 3.

Hine, J. S. 1904. The Diptera of British Columbia. I. Can. Entomol. 36:85-92 (p. 90, Laphria astur, O. S., Laphria vultur, O. S.). [BHL]

Howard, L.O. 1900. Notes on miscellaneous insects in Kansas, p. 103. IN Some miscellaneous results of the work of the Division of Entomology. USDA Div. Entomol. Bull. 22 (n.s.): 1-109 (Dasyllis tergissa).

Howard, L.O. 1901a. Miscellaneous notes from Kansas, pp. 84-85. IN Some miscellaneous results of the work of the Division of Entomology. USDA Div. Entomol. Bull. 30 (n.s.): 1-98 (Dasyllis tergissa).

Howard, L. O. 1901b. The insect book. A popular account of the bees, wasps, ants, grasshoppers, flies and other North American insects exclusive of the butterflies, moths and beetles. Doubleday, Page & Co., New York.

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Johnson, C. W. 1895. Diptera of Florida, with additional descriptions of new genera and species by D. W. Coquillett. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 47:303-340 (p. 324, Dasyllis tergissa Say, Dasyllis posticata Say, Laphria saffrana Fabr., and Lampria bicolor Wied.). [BHL]

Johnson, C.W. 1902. On the validity of Dasyllis affinis Macquart. Entomol. News 13: 77-78. [BHL]

Johnson, C. W. 1910. Diptera, pp. 703-814 IN Smith, J. B., Report of the insects of New Jersey. Trenton. Rept. N. J. State Mus. (1909) (p. 751, L.[ampria ] bicolor Wied., D.[asyllis] flavicollis Say, D. thoracica Fab.; p. 752, D. melanopogon Wied. (affinis Macq.), D. analis Macq. (lata Macq.), L.[aphria] canis Will., L. æratus [sic] Wlk.). [BHL]

Johnson, C.W. 1913. Insects of Florida. I. Diptera. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 32(3): 37-90 (p. 61, Lampria bicolor Wied., Dasyllis grossa Fabr. (D. tergissa Say), Dasyllis lata, Dasyllis posticata Say, Laphria saffrana Fabr.). [BHL]

Johnson, C. W. 1925a. Diptera of the Harris collection. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 38:57-99.

Johnson, C. W. 1925b. Fauna of New England. Part 15. List of the Diptera or two-winged flies. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 7:3-326 (p. 117, L.[ampria] bicolor (Wiedemann); D.[asyllis] flavicollis (Say), D. insignis Banks, D. divisor Banks, D. posticata (Say), D. posticata var. virginica Banks, D. sacrator (Walker), D. thoracica Fabricius, D. champlainii Walton, D. grossa (Fabricius), D. cinera Back, D. affinis Macquart; p. 118, L.[aphria] aeatus Walker (L. index McAtee), L. gilva (Linne), L. scorpio McAtee, L. sericea Say, L. sadalis Walker (L. pubescens Williston), L. canis Williston, L. altitudinum Bromley, L. janus McAtee). [BHL]

Johnson, C. W. 1927. The insect fauna, with reference to the flora and other biological features. Pt. I, pp. 1-247 IN Procter, W., Biological Survey of the Mount Desert Region. Philadelphia, Wistar Inst. Anat. and Biol. (p. 182, D.[asyllis] insignis Banks, D. flavicollis Say, D. posticata Say, D. sacrator Walk, L.[aphria] aeatus Walk, L. altitudinum Bromley, L. canis Will., L. gilva Linn., L. janus McAtee, L. sadales Walk., L. scorpio McAtee, L. sericea Say). [BHL]

Karl, E. 1959. Vergleichend-morphologische Untersuchengen der mannlichen Kopulationsorgane bei Asiliden. Beitr. Entomol. 9:619-680.

Keilin, D. 1944. Respiratory systems and respiratory adaptations in larvae and pupae of Diptera. Parasitology 36(1/2): 1-66 (p. 7, , Fig. 7 a & b, Laphria sp.).

Knowlton, G. F. and F. C. Harmston. 1938. Utah Asilidae. Proc. Utah Acad. Sci., Arts & Letters 15:123-125.

Knutson, L.V. 1972. Pupa of Neomochtherus angustipennis (Hine), with notes on feeding habits of robber flies and a review of publications on morphology of immature stages (Diptera: Asilidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 85:163-178.

Knutson, L. V. 1976. Key to subfamilies of robber flies based on pupal cases, with a description of the pupal case of Doryclus distendens (Asilidae: Megapodinae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 88:509-514 (Includes key to asilid subfamiles as delineated by Hull, based on pupal cases). [PDF]

Krivoshenia, N. P. and B. M. Mamaev. 1975a. Revision of data on the morphology and ecology of xylophile larvae of Laphriini (Dipt., Asilidae). I. Genus Choerades Walk. vestn. Zool. 2:66-77 (In Russian).

Krivoshenia, N. P. and B. M. Mamaev. 1975b. Revision of materials on the morphology and eclogy of xylophilic assassin fly larvae of the tribe Laphriini (Diptera, Asilidae): II. Genus Laphria, Mg. Vestn. Zool. 6:46-50 (In Russian).

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Lavigne, R. J. and S. W. Bullington. 2001. Evidence for territoriality by males of Laphria fernaldi (Back) (Diptera: Asilidae). Studia Dipterologica 8(2):415-421.

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Lehr, P. A. 1989. Laphriinae (Diptera, Asilidae) of the USSR. Entomological Review 68(6):121-136.

Lehr, P. A. 1992. Revision of robberflies of the genus Choerades Walker, 1851, and notes on the family Laphriinae (Diptera, Asilidae). Entomological Review 71(4):70-93.

Leonard, M. D. 1928. A list of the insects of New York. Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn., 1926. 1121 pp. + fold-out map (p. 768, L.[ampria] bicolor Wied., D.[asyllis] affinis Macq., D. champlainii Walton, D. cinerea Back, D. flavicollis Say, D. grossa Fab., D. posticata Say, D. sacrator Wlk., D. thoracica Fab., L.[aphria] aeatus Wlk., L. aktis McAtee; p. 769, L. altitudinum Bromley, L. canis Will., L. dispar Bks. (canis Will.?), L. gilva L. (bilineata Wlk.), L. sadalis Wlk. (pubescens Will.), L. scorpio McAtee, L. sericea Say. Note that Dasyllis champlainii Walton is spelled with two terminal "i"s.). [BHL]

Linnaeus, C. von. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymicis, locis. Tenth edition. Vol. 1. Stockholm. 824 pp.

Linsley, E. G. 1961. The Cerambycidae of North America. Part I. Introduction. Univ. Calif. Pub. Entomol. 18, 135 pp. (p. 31, cites Hardy and Preece (1927) (q. v). as recording a larva of Bombomimus [sic] astur Osten-Sacken preying on a larva of the cerambycid Ulochaetes leoninus LeConte.)

Loew, H. 1851. Bermerkungen uber die Familie der Asiliden. Berlin. Progr. Realschule Merseritz, 1851:1-22.

Londt, J. G. H. 1977. Afrotropical Asilidae (Diptera) 1. The genus Choerades Walker, 1851, and the descriptions of two new genera, Nannolaphria and Notiolaphria, from southern Africa and Malagasy Republic. Ann. Natal Mus. 23(1):43-55. (nothing directly on Nearctic Laphriini; the new genera, however, are in the tribe).

MacFarlane, R. P. 1973. A review of insects, spiders and mites predaceous on bumble bees (Bombinae) in North America. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 104:27-30.

Macquart, P. J. M. 1834. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Dipteres. Suite a Buffon, edited by Roret. Paris. Vol. 1, 578 pp., 2 pls.

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Macquart, J. P. M. 1846. Dipteres exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Mem. Soc. Sci. Agric. et Arts, Lille. Paris. Suppl. 1:5-238, 20 pls.

Macquart, J. P. M. 1850. Dipteres exoquites nouveaux ou peu connus. Mem. Soc. Sci. Agric. et Arts, 1849. Suppl. 4:309-465, 466-479, 14 pls.

Macquart, J. P. M. 1855. Dipteres exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Mem. Soc. Sci. Agric. et Arts. Suppl. 5:5-136, 6 pls.

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Martin, C. H. and J. Wilcox. 1965. Family Asilidae, pp. 360-401 IN Stone, A., Sabrosky, C. W., Wirth, W. W., Foote, R. H. and J. R. Coulson [eds.], A catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico, USDA, ARS, Agric. Hndbk. No. 276.

Mazzarolo, L. A. 1999. Morfologia externa, análise filogenética e biogeogragía de Laphriinae (Diptera, Asilidae). Tese de Doutorado apresentada à Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e letras de Ribeirao Preto. USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo. 48 pp. + plts. (Unpublished thesis; a phylogenetic analysis of the Laphriinae. Includes little on Nearctic Laphriini as defined here.).

McAlpine, J. F., Peterson, B. V. Shewell, G. E., Teskey, H. J., Vockeroth, J.R., and D. M. Wood, eds. 1981. Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. I. Res. Br., Agric. Canada, Monogr. No. 27.

McAtee, W. L. 1918. Key to the Nearctic species of the genus Laphria (Diptera, Asilidae). Ohio Nat. 19:143-170, Pls. 10-11. [PDF]

McAtee, W. L., and N. Banks. 1920. District of Columbia Diptera: Asilidae. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 22:13-33 (p. 14, Lampria rubriventris Macquart; p. 23, L.[ampria] bicolor Wiedemann; pp. 23, L. sericea, also key to District Laphria spp. including sericea, aktis, index, ithypyga, canis var. disparella, sicula, canis [var. canis], and winnemana; p. 24,
L.[aphria] sicula McAtee, L. canis var. canis Williston, L. winnemana McAtee, L. saffrana Fabricius; p. 24-25, key to District Dasyllis spp. including affinis, thoracica, grossa, flavicollis, virginica, champlaini, and posticatus [sic]; p. 25, D.[asyllis] affinis Macquart, D. thoracica Fabricius, D. grossa Fabricius, D. flavicollis Say, D. virginica Banks, D. champlaini Walton, D. posticata Say)
. [BHL]

McCravy, K. W., and K. A. Baxa. 2011. Diversity, seasonal activity, and habitat associations of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) in west-central Illinois. Am. Midl. Nat. 166:85-97.

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Nagatomi, A. 1964. The status of the genera Laphria, Choerades (=Epholkiolaphria), and Bombomima (Diptera, Asilidae). Kontyu, Tokyo 32:223-225.

Nagatomi, H., and A. Nagatomi. 1989. Female terminalia of Goneccalypsis lucida and Laphria nigrovittata (Diptera, Asilidae). South Pacific Study 9(1-2):1- 10 (title is self explanatory; Laphria nigrovitta is a Japanese species. The article is included here because it is the only detailed description of female terminalia of Laphria other than Reichardt (1929) and those in my dissertation; this one includes all the various setae as well, which I omitted in mine to facilitate comparisons in overall structure between species. Off-site PDF can be found here.).

Nelson, C. R. 1987. Robber flies of Utah (Diptera: Asilidae). Great Basin Naturalist 47(1):38-90.

Nicolay, A. S. 1919. Additions to Insects of New Jersey No. 7. Entomol. News 30:276-279 (p. 278, Dasyllis cinerea Back).

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Osten Sacken, C. R., Baron von. 1878. Catalogue of the described Diptera of North America. Second Edition. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 16.

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Quentin, R. M. 1948. Sur la nymphe de Laphria gilva L. (Dipt. Asilidae). Entomologiste 4:9-10 (Describes pupa of Laphria gilva). [PDF]

Reichardt, H. 1929. Untersuchungen über den Genitalapparat der Asiliden. Zeitschr. wiss. Zool. 135:257-301 (In German; with detailed description of both internal anatomy and external morphology of both male and female terminalia of the Palearctic Laphria flava Linnaeus).

Riley, C. F. C. 1925. Some aspects of the general ecology and behavior of the water-strider, Geris rufoscutellatus, Latreille. Entomol. Record & J. Variation 37: 65-72, 86-93, 107-115 (p. 86, Dasyllis sp.).

Rohwer, S. A. 1912. (NOTE: Dasyllis thoracica bred from galleries of scarabaeid beetle in chestnut). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 14: 200. [BHL]

Rondani, A. C. 1856. Dipterologiae italicae prodromus. Parmae, 1:1-226.

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Say, T. 1824. American entomology, or descriptions of the insects of North America. Philadelphia 1:1-112.

Say, T. 1825. Appendix. Part I. --Natural History. I. Zoology. E. Class Insecta, pp. 68-378 IN Keating, W. H., Major Long's second expedition. Narrative of an expedition to the source of St. Peter's River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods, & C & C, performed in the year 1823, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the command of Stephen Long, Major, U. S. T. E. Philadelphia 2:1-459.

Say, T. 1829. Description of North American dipterous insects. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6:149-178.

Scarbrough, A. G. 1974. A faunistic study of Asilidae (Diptera) at three locations in northern Baltimore County, Maryland: Incidence, relative abundance and seasonal distribution. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 76:385-396.

Schiner,J. R. 1866. Die Wiedemann'schen Asiliden, interpretirt und in die seither erricheten neuen Gattungen eingereiht. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 16:649-722, Pl. 12; Nachtrag 845-848.

Schiner, J. R. 1867. Neue oder weniger bekannte Asiliden des. K. zoologischen Hofkabinettes in Wien. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Asiliden. verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 17:355-412.

Schmid, J. M. 1969. Laphria gilva (Diptera: Asilidae), a predator of Dendroctonus ponderosae in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 62:1237-1241.

Shelly, T. 1979. A list of known robber flies of Pennsylvania (Diptera: Asilidae). Entomol. News. 90:95-99 (p. 97, Lampria bicolor (Wiedemann), Laphria aeata Walker, Laphria affinis Macquart, Laphria aktis McAtee, Laphria canis Williston, Laphria champlainii (Walton), Laphria divisor (Banks), Laphria flavicollis Say, Laphria gilva (Linnaeus), Laphria grossa (Fabricius), Laphria index McAtee, Laphria ithypyga McAtee, Laphria posticata Say; p. 98, Laphria sacrator Walker, Laphria sadales Walker, Laphria saffrana Fabricius, Laphria scorpio McAtee, Laphria sericea Say, Laphria sicula McAtee, Laphria thoracica Fabricius, Laphria virginica (Banks), Laphria winneman [sic] McAtee). [BHL]

Skevington, J. K. 1999. New Canadian records of Asilidae (Diptera) from an endangered Ontario ecosystem. Great Lakes Entomol. 32(4):257-265.

Skinner, H. 1912. (NOTE: Dasyllis sp., mimicry]. Entomol. News 23: 192.

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Slosson, A. T. 1894. List of insects taken in alpine region of Mt. Washington. Entomol. News 7:262-265.

Slosson, A. T. 1895. Additional list of insects taken in alpine regions of Mt. Washington. Entomol. News 6:4-7, 316-321.

Slosson, A. T. 1897. Additional list of insects taken in alpine region of Mt. Washington. Entomol. News 8: 237-240 (p. 239, Dasyllis sacrator).

Snodgrass, R. E. 1902. The inverted hypopygium of Dasyllis and Laphria. Psyche 9:399-400, Pl. 5 (p. 399, D.[asyllis] grossa, D. flavicollis, L.[aphria] vultur; p. 400, L.[aphria] vultur, D.[asyllis] grossa, D. posticata, D. flavicollis; Pl. 5, Figs. 1-4, 7-9, Dasyllis grossa; Pl. 5, Figs. 5-6, D.[asyllis] posticata; Pl. 5, Figs. 10-11,
D.[asyllis] flavicollis)
. [PDF]

Snow, W. A. 1896. List of Asilidae, supplementary to Osten Sacken's catalogue of North American Diptera, 1878-1895. Kans. Univ. Quart. 4:173-190.

Snyder, K. D. 1957. Check list of insects of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Privately printed. Montreat College, Montreat, NC, 78 pp. (p. 38, Bombomina (Dasyllis) champlainii Walton, B. divisor Bks., B. flavicollis Say, B. grossa Fab., B. sacrator Wlk., Laphria canis Will, L. sericea Say).

Strickland, E. H. 1938. An annotated list of the Diptera (flies) of Alberta. Can. J. Res., sec. D, Zool. Sci. 16:175-219.

Sturtevant, A. H. 1925. The seminal receptacles and accessory glands of the Diptera, with special reference to the Acalypterae. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 33(4):195-215 (p. 204, reference to spermathecae in Dasyllis sp.).

Tanner, V.M. 1940. A biotic study of the Kaiparowits region of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist l(3/4): 97-126 (p. 113, Laphria janus).

Teskey, H.J. 1976. Diptera larvae associated with trees in North America. Entomol. Soc. Canada Mem. No. 100. 53 pp. (pp. 11-12, Fig. 50/51 - larvae of Laphria sp.).

Theodor, O. 1976. On the structure of the spermathecae and aedeagus in the Asilidae and their importance in the systematics of the family. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

Thompson, J. C. 1891. (NOTE: Dasyllis thoracica Fabr. capturing Coleoptera). Entomol. News 2: 162. [BHL]

Thornhill, R. 1978. Some arthropod predators and parasites of adult scorpionflies (Mecoptera). Environ. Entomol. 7: 714-716 (Laphria canus, L. flavicollis, L. sacrator, L. sericea, L. thoracica).

Thorp, R. W., Horning, D. S., Jr., and L. L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California. Bull. Calif. Insect Survey 23, viii + 79 pp. (p. 10 [Table 5], Laphria astur O. S., Laphria columbica Walker, and Laphria sackeni (Banks) listed as mimics of Bombus vosnesenskii Radoszkowski; Laphria fernaldae (Back) as a mimic of Bombus huntii Greene; and Laphria rapax O. S. as a mimic of Bombus centralis Cresson).

Titus, E. S. G. and F. C. Pratt. (Compilers). 1904. Catalogue of the exhibit of economic entomology. USDA Bureau Entomol. Bull. 47: 1-155 (p. 48, Laphria thoracia).

Townsend, Tyler. 1889. Some Michigan notes recorded. Insect Life 2(2): 42-44 (p. 43, Laphria canis).

Waldbauser, G. P. 1988. Asynchrony between Batesian mimics and their models. The American Naturalist 131:S103-S121 (mentions Laphria flavicollis, Laphria thoracica, Laphria janus, and Laphria sacrator).

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Walker, F. 1866. IN Lord, J. K., The naturalist in Vancouver Island and British Colombia. London. 2:1-375.

Walker, F. 1871. Notes on some insects of Nova Scotia and Canada. Can. Entomol. 3:141-144.

Walton, W. R. 1910. A new species of Dasyllis from Pennsylvania. Entomol. News 21:243-244, Pl. 9 (Dasyllis champlainii sp. nov., Dasyllis grossa Fabr. Note spelling of specific epithet for D. champlainii.). [BHL]

Walton, W. R. 1911. Corrections in Diptera of the New Jersey list of insects, 1909. Entomol. News 22:182.

Wandolleck, C. 1905. Diptera für 1904. Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 1905(2):787-823 (p. 813, Dasyllis cinerea n. sp., D. fernaldi n. sp. ... Back; this is a catalog of all the new Diptera described in 1904).

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Washburn, F. L. 1905. Diptera of Minnesota. Two-winged flies affecting the farm, garden, stock and household. Minn. Agr. Expt. Sta. Ann. Rpt. (1904-1905) 13:19-168, Figs. 4-163, 2 pls. (p. 87, Dasyllis thoracica, Fab. [also Fig. 79], Laphria sericea, Say [also Plate II, Fig. 21], and Dasyllis sacrator, Walk. [also Plate II, Fig. 10]).

Weiss, H. B. 1915. Additions to Insects of New Jersey. Entomol. News 26:101-107 (p. 106, Dasyllis champlaini Walton).

Westmount, A. F. W. and G. Beaulieu. 1915. A preliminary list of the insects of the province of Quebec. Part II--Diptera (two-winged flies). Que. Soc. Prot. Plants Rept. No. 7:107-159.

White, M. J. D. 1949. Cytological evidence on the phylogeny and classification of the Diptera. Evolution 3: 252-261 (p. 259, Dasyllis grossa).

Whittaker, R. H. 1952. A study of summer foilage insect communities in the Great Smoky Mountains. Ecol. Monogr. 22:1-44.

Wichmann, H. E. 1956. Untersuchungen uber Ips typographus L. und seine Umwelt-Asilidae, Raubfliegen. Zeit. Angewandte Entomol. 39:58-62 (Description of egg of Laphria gilva L.).

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1821. Diptera exotica. Kiliae. Part 1:i-xix, 1-244, 2 pls.

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1828. Aussereuropaische zweiflugelige Insekten, als Fortesetzung des Meigen schen Werkes. Hamm, 1: xxxii + 608 pp., 7 pls.

Wilcox, J. 1936. Laphria vultur Osten Sacken and two related species (Diptera-Asilidae). Can. Entomol. 68:7-11.

Williston, S. W. 1884. On the North American Asilidae (Dasypogoninae, Laphrinae), with a new genus of Syrphidae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 11 (1883):1-35, Pls. 1-2.

Williston, S. W. 1885. On the North American Asilidae (Part II). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 12:53-76.

Withington, C. H. 1909. Insect types and cotypes. A preliminary list of those in the Francis Huntington Snow entomological collections . Trans. Kansas Academy of Science 22:327-335 (p. 332, Dasyllis astur O. S., Laphria canisWill., Laphria carbonarius Williston, Laphria ferox Will., Laphria pubescens Will., Laphria ruficauda Will. [from San Domingo], Laphria ventralis Will., Laphria vivax Will., and Laphria xanthippe Will.).

Woodruff, R. E. 1960. Some robber fly records (Diptera: Asilidae). Entomol. News 71:142-144 (p. 143, Laphria index McAtee, Laphria ithypyga McAtee). [BHL]

Young, D. B. 1910. Additional list of Adirondack insects, pp. 123-125 IN 25th Report of the State Entomologist 1909. Education Dept. Bull. 475 (New York State Mus. Bull. 141), pp. 5-178 (p. 124, Dasyllis sacrator Walk., Laphria sericea Say). [BHL]

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